The Road Transport And Safety Bill , 2014 proposes to provide a framework for safer, faster,cost effective and inclusive movement of passengers and freight in the country . The bill aims at reducing road accident related fatalities by 5 lakhs , increase GDP by 4% on account of increased infrastructural efficiency and provide nearly one million employment owing to liberalization of the transport sector.
1.Setting up of MOTOR VEHICLE REGULATION AND ROAD SAFETY AUTHORITY OF INDIA , which would be a legally empowered agency , answerable to the parliament , whose main aim will be to set rules and regulations for both motor vehicles and road safety . The bill also makes this authority responsible for financing various road safety programs which would be implemented to increase awareness among the public.
2.promotion of innovation and adoption of these new technologies in a time bound manner , with time provided to the industry in migrating to the newer system.
3.Improved vehicle design to reduce fatalities and provisions to provide genuine spare parts at affordable prices.
4.simplification of procedural bottlenecks involved in the application and issue of Driver’s License . The procedure is to be made more transparent with single window clearance being envisaged.
5 . Biometric Driver’s Licenses to be issued , with minimal chances of duplication.
6. Introduction of automated Driving test , with involvement of the private sector.
7.unified vehicle registration system , which could help transfer of vehicles across the state , without evasion of taxes.
8.private sector participation in vehicle fitness certification process.
9.integration of all stake holders – manufacturer , owner ,transport authority ,insurer, enforcement authority under a single umbrella.
10.Enforcement of modern safety technologies including electronic surveillance , with special emphasis on vulnerable road users like school children and women.
11. The bill also proposes the setting up of an accident fund for immediate relief of the victims.
12.setting up of NATIONAL ROAD TRANSPORT AND MULTIMODAL COORDINATION AUTHORITY , aimed at providing an integrated transport system with multimodal hubs for providing easier movement of people and goods across various modes of transport.
13 . promotion of public transport systems , with two tier permits – inter state and national permits.
14. Goods transport and National Freight Policy aimed at developing freight networks and address bottlenecks faced by the trucking industry by simplification of permits and clearance procedures.
15.INCREASED PENALTIES FOR TRAFFIC RELATED OFFENSES , with graded penalty point system and identification of repeat offenders.
Why is there an opposition to this bill?
1.The bill proposes world class traffic rules on congested Indian roads.
2.The bill proposes to increase the participation of private players in public transport system , which many feel will affect the State Road Transport Corporations. This notion is mainly due to the fact that the bill don’t differentiate between stage carriage permits and contract carriage permits.
3.Heavy penalties would shrink the profitability of trucking industry.
4.The bill excludes pedestrian casualties from its ambit.
5. outsourcing of the licensing process to the private sector.
6. Integration of all the stakeholders into a single system will make the owners use genuine spare parts from authorized dealers , resulting in closure of smaller over the corner mechanics.